The practice of giving dowry is not a part of Islam. Although it is wide spread in Asian countries. In fact it is a practice which is not authorized by Islam.Dowry is a simulation of early Hindu culture in which daughters were not given any share in the family property. But were given payments, part of which might be in the form of goods. Islam granted daughters a rightful share in their family property and inheritance.
Islam does not restrict a father from giving his daughter gifts, money or property, or arranging for a wedding feast . but to make anything a demand and a way of exploitation of the bride’s father is in my view nothing short of an immoral and corrupt act which is wrong.
Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad(PBUH):
Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) gave his daughter Hazrat Fatimah (ra) various gifts when she married Hazrat Ali (ra), but there is no record of given anything to his other daughters on the occasion of their marriages. Moreover, the gifts given to Hazrat Fatimah (ra) were extremely modest household articles.
Haq Mehar to Wife:
Islam enjoins the groom to give a bridal gift or dower as a token of love and assurance to his would be wife at the time of marriage. In fact without payment of this sum, the marriage cannot get solemnized. The Holy Quran instructs the believers:
“And give the women (whom you marry) their dower (obligatory bridal gift) happily.” (4:4) .
Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W) said:
“The best of the marriages is one which is least burdensome in the financial sense to the families of the bride and the groom.”
Thus he paved a way for people of all the times to come to live a life without stress and strain pertaining to daughters marriages too.
“if I don’t kill her today ; tomorrow she will kill me financially or someone else will burn her for the sake of dowry.”
The young adults have to take this issue seriously and do some serious discussion with their parents about what’s Islamic and what’s merely a culture practice that is based on exploitation. Dowry is just one of many misconceptions about Islam. Let be clear and make it clear to others that there is nothing Islamic about it.