The Holy Qur’an teaches us that Allah is a Judge and He also punishes, but He is not bound to punish. According to Qur’an, the justice of Allah does not and will not inflict undue punishment on any believer nor will He ignore the good deed of any person. But if He wishes to forgive any sinner, He has full freedom to do that. His mercy is unlimited and His love is infinite.
“Whoever desires honor [through power] – then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those – it will perish.” (35:10)
Al-Ghafoor (The Forgiving):
Allah (SWT) calls Himself Al-Ghafoor (The Forgiving) at numerous occasions in the AlQuran. His Mercy overtakes His punishment and anger. He is more merciful to His creations than a mother can be to her infants.
“Say: ‘O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of God: for Allah forgives all sins (except shirk): for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.'” (39:53)
We sin openly and secretly, inwardly and outwardly, major and minor, to the Creator and the creation. And whilst we may consider some sins unavoidable, it is important that we seek forgiveness from Allah daily. In fact, there are at least twenty duas of forgiveness a Muslim can make every day. No one would seek forgiveness more than the blessed Messenger of Allah (SAllahu alaihi Wa Salam) despite all of his sins being forgiven, so how about us? We steal, lie, cheat, scorn and if we do not do this with others, we certainly do this with Allah.
Despite all of this, Allah is willing to forgive us.
“And your Lord said: ‘Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation).Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation.” (40:60).
“And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah).” (11:52)
Repentance from all sins is obligatory on every adult Muslim. This is emphasized in the Holy Qur’an.
“And all of you beg Allah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.” (24:31)
Conditions to Taubah:
However there are conditions to Taubah (seeking forgiveness). The believer must discontinue the sin as well as regret over its occurrence. He must also vow never to go back to that sin again and give back the right to whom it is due if the sin involves a man.
The Prophet saws has also informed us that repentance can be done any time during the day or night. Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash‘aree narrated that the Prophet saws said:
“Allaah holds out His Hand during the night to receive the repentance of the one who has committed wrong during the day and holds outs His Hand during the day to receive the repentance of the one who has committed wrong during the night.” (Muslim)
Indeed, Allaah is very happy when any of His slaves repents. If he responds to the call of his Lord and repents, he will have a prosperous life in this world and the good rewards in the hereafter. If he however does not repent, Allaah will punish him for his sins and He is not unjust with anyone.
Allaah also stressed while inviting the unbelievers unto repentance:
“If they then repent, it will be better for them, but if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful torment in this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And there is none for them on earth as a Wali (supporter, protector) or a helper.” (At-Tawbah 9:74)
The Prophet saws also said:
“Indeed, Allaah accepts the repentance of man as long as he hasnt started gargling (i.e. dying).”
Hasten to repentance and be consistent on that after every good deeds and bad ones. Allaah says:
“And turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him (in Islam), before the torment comes upon you, then you will not be helped. And follow the best of that which is sent downto you from your Lord (i.e. this Qur’an, do what it orders you to do and keep away from what it forbids), before the torment comes on you suddenly while you perceive not.” (Az-Zumar 39:54-55).
So Let’s hurry up in recognizing our sins and get back to Allah (SWT) for repentance as He is the Forgiver of all sins and He Forgives whomever He wants.