I’tikaf during Ramadan is a form of worship in which a man surrenders all of his activities, deserts his connections, affiliations and schedules and enters the masjid for a particular period.
Rules of I’tikaf during Ramadan:
- I’tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan is Sunnah ‘alal-kifayah. It means that in each masjid, at least one person should sit in i’tikaf during Ramadan. If he does so, the requirement of Sunnah is fulfilled for the whole locality. However, if no person performs i’tikaf during Ramadan, the whole locality is responsible for not observing the Sunnah. Therefore, the residents of a locality should make sure that some person is performing I’tikaf in their masjid. If no such person is available, they should prepare someone to do so.
- The time of this i’tikaf during Ramadan commences immediately after the sunset of the 20th day of Ramadan. Therefore, a person who wants to sit in I’tikaf, must enter the masjid before sunset on that day. So that sunset takes place while he is in the masjid.
- It is advisable that a person performing I’tikaf avoids all unnecessary activities and spends the most of his time in the acts of worship, like salah, recitation of the Holy Qur’an or making dhikr or tasbeeh. However, it is makruh to remain silent totally.
Things that do not terminate the i’tikaf during Ramadan:
One can go out of the masjid in i’tikaf during Ramadan only for the following needs:
- To answer the call of nature.
- To make obligatory ghusl. i.e. in the state of impurity (janabah). (It is not allowed during I’tikaf to go out of the masjid for having non-obligatory bath, like the bath of Friday, etc.).
- To bring food where no other person is available to bring it. In this case, it is allowed either to bring food to the masjid or to have food elsewhere outside the masjid.
- To offer the jum’ah prayer. If no jum’ah prayer is offered in the same masjid in which he is sitting in I’tikaf during Ramadan.
- To move to another masjid in the event of a serious danger to one’s life or property.
Things that terminate the I’tikaf during Ramadan:
- To leave the masjid even for a moment without the urgent needs.
- To remain outside the masjid after fulfilling the aforesaid needs.
- Having sex and also according to Ehtiyat kissing or playing with one’s wife, which are totally prohibited in i’tikaf during Ramadan.
- Any act which breaks one’s fast, like eating, drinking, etc. (Since fasting is a pre-condition for a valid masnun i’tikaf during Ramadan. the I’tikaf is automatically terminated by breaking of the fast).
- Smelling perfumes for enjoyment; it is not an offense if one cannot enjoy the perfume because of some defect in his smelling ability.
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