Itikaf during Ramadan is a form of worship in which a man surrenders all of his activities, deserts his connections, affiliations, and schedules, and enters the masjid for a particular period.
Rules of Itikaf during Ramadan:
- Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan is Sunnah ‘alal-kifayah. It means that in each masjid, at least one person should sit in i’tikaf during Ramadan. If he does so, it fulfills the requirement of Sunnah for the whole locality. However, if no person performs itikaf during Ramadan; the whole locality is responsible for not observing the Sunnah. Therefore, the locality residents should make sure that some person is performing Itikaf in their masjid. If no such person is available, they should prepare someone to do so.
- The time of this itikaf during Ramadan commences immediately after the sunset of the 20th day of Ramadan. Therefore, a person who wants to sit in I’tikaf must enter the masjid before sunset on that day. So that sunset takes place while he is in the masjid.
- It is advisable that a person performing Itikaf avoids all unnecessary activities and spends most of his time in the acts of worship, like salah, recitation of the Holy Qur’an, or making dhikr or tasbeeh. However, it is makruh to remain silent totally.
Things that do not terminate the itikaf during Ramadan:
One can go out of the masjid in i’tikaf during Ramadan only for the following needs:
- To answer the call of nature.
- To make obligatory ghusl. i.e., in the state of impurity (janabah). (It is not allowed during I’tikaf to go out of the masjid for having a non-obligatory bath, like the bath of Friday, etc.).
- To bring food where no other person is available to bring it. In this case, it is allowed to either bring food to the masjid or have food elsewhere outside the masjid.
- To offer the jum’ah prayer. If no jum’ah prayer is offered in the same masjid in which he sits in I’tikaf during Ramadan.
- To move to another masjid in the event of danger to one’s life or property.
Things that terminate the Itikaf during Ramadan:
- To leave the masjid even for a moment without the urgent needs.
- To remain outside the masjid after fulfilling the needs described above.
- Having sex and also, according to Ehtiyat, kissing or playing with one’s wife, which is prohibited in i’tikaf during Ramadan.
- Doing any act that breaks one’s fast, like eating, drinking, etc. (Since fasting is a pre-condition for a valid masnun i’tikaf during Ramadan, the I’tikaf is automatically terminated by breaking the fast).
- Smelling perfumes for enjoyment; it is not an offense if one cannot enjoy the perfume because of some defect in his smelling ability.
Best Online Quran Classes for People of all ages.Special Quran Classes designed for Women and Kids: Take three days FREE Trial: AlQuran Classes