Health issues during Ramadan also affect the elderly, the weak, women who are pregnant or nursing and people who are new to Islam. Being aware of the health issues and making appropriate preparations will help you make the best of Ramadan, so that you can spend it focused on worship instead of health factors that could have been managed better. In Quran
“But if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (of Ramadan days) should be made up from days later. For those who cannot do this except with hardship is a ransom: the feeding of one that is indigent…. Allah intends every ease for you; He does not want to put you to difficulties….” – Qur’an 2:184-185
Health issues related to our stomach is a big problem. Our stomach has an acidic environment. This helps in breaking down the food and to kill the bacteria. During Ramadan the amount of acid reduces in our stomach. But thoughts of food or smell of it makes our brain orders the stomach to produce more acid, resulting in heartburn. This can be reduced by avoiding spicy and oily foods, reducing caffeine intake and avoiding smoking. Sleeping with your head raised on a few pillows may also help prevent heartburn.
Those individuals who are taking insulin-injections are advised not to fast.
If you have diabetic health issues and are fasting during Ramadan, it is important that you are assessed by your doctor to ensure you are physically healthy and that your diabetic control is good. Your treatment for Diabetes may change because you are fasting. Please consult your GP before making any changes to medication or insulin dose.
Health issues of pregnant and nursing women are exempted from fasting if they have authentic reason to fear harm to themselves or their child, based on reasonable surety and not merely unfounded fears and worries. Advice should be sought from your GP who can evaluate any specific concerns. The doctor could also assist pregnant women plan their meals so that they receive adequate nutrition during non-fasting hours to avoid fatigue. New and expecting mothers also have to be particularly aware of their intake of fluids so that they can nourish their babies effectively.
Health issues of constipation could be very irritating. You should aim to have lots of fruit and vegetables along with fluids to facilitate your bowel movements. Increase fiber content in your diet and reduce the amount of processed and fatty foods.
In daily routine, there are severe stress health issues. You can manage your stress by different methods according to your stress-levels. For instance, you can catch up on your sleep during daytime, don’t play sports or exercise in hot sun, control you anger in advance etc.
There is no reason to feel guilty about taking care of your health needs during Ramadan. These exemptions exist in the Quran for a reason, as Allah knows best what issues we may face. Even if one is not fasting, one can feel part of the Ramadan experience through other areas of worship — such as offering additional prayers, inviting friends and family for evening meals, reading the Quran, or donating to charity.