Hazrat Usman (R.A.) was born in Makkah. He was also related to our Prophet (S.A.W) through his great grandfather Abd Manaf. He belonged to the Ummayad tribe of Quraysh. And he was among those who accepted Islam very early. He was one of the rich merchants of Makkah & even in the days of ignorance he led a very clean & virtuous life. Hazrat Usman was a wealthy trader and helped poor Muslims and released many of the Muslim slaves from their pagan masters.
At the suggestion of Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat usman embraced Islam. When his tribe heard of his acceptance of Islam his uncle tied him in ropes and beat him badly, thus he was one of those Muslims who had struggled a lot in the path of Islam.
Marriage of Hazrat Usman (R.A.):
Hazrat Usman (R.A.) married Ruqayya bint Mohammad. They both along with a few other Muslims decided to migrate to Abyssinia following the advice of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.). In 622 A.D. he also migrated to madinah. Thus he was one of those persons who performed Hijrat in the way of Allah, twice.
Hazrat Usman took part in all battles, except the battle of Badr because prophet (pbuh) asked him to stay back for Hazrat Ruqayya as she was in a critical condition. But after war our Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) went to meet her daughter, he got to know that she had already died before the war ended.
After Ruqayya’s death, Usman (R.A.) married to other daughter of prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Umm-e- Kulsum, Hazrat Usman was called ‘Dhun Nurain’ i.e. Possessor of the two lights.
He spent his wealth freely in the service of Islam and the Muslims. After the treaty of Hudaibiya Hazrat Usman earned the title of ‘Ghani’ for. In Madinah the Muslims faced the scarcity of water, so Hazrat Usman bought a well from a Jew for 20,000 Dirhams and gifted it to the Muslims for their use. Due to this act Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) gave him the tidings of paradise.
Authority Of Hazrat Umar R.A
Hazrat Usman was regarded an authority on the Muslim Law of Inheritance. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, the first Khalifah, and Hazrat Umar Farooq (R.A.) had a high regard for him, and often took his advice for a number of matters and problems of various Muslims, particularly in matters of Fiqh. He was one of the 6 men included in the panel, nominated by Hazrat Umar before his death for succession as Khalifa.
He became 3rd Khalifa of the Islamic State in 24 A.H. and remained in the office till 35 A.H. he was assassinated at the age of 82 and he was buried in Jannat Ul Baqi in Madina.
Hazrat Usman (R.A.) was an upright, dutiful and generous man. I feel that a single page of words cannot fulfill the works done by such great personalities, and cannot explain a man of such great abilities.