one of the best rewards in Dunya is being close to Allah. And there’s no better way to stay connected with Allah than prayers and supplications. Dua Qunoot is one Dua that the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) has taught us to say to show humility, obedience, and devotion to Allah.
What is Dua Qunoot?
In Arabic, Qunoot means being obedient, or it is the act of standing. In Dua e Qunoot we ask Allah for blessings, guidance, and strength. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) recited Dua Qunoot whenever Muslims passed through a significant difficulty or disaster. He (PBUH) often recited it during Witr, Fajr, and sometimes during other prayers throughout the year.
When to recite Dua E Qunoot?
Dua Qunoot is recited in the last Rak’ ah of Witr prayer after bowing, but if one recites it before turning, it is okay. However, reciting it after bowing is better.
About Qunoot: there are two extreme views and one middle (or moderate) view. According to some narrators, Qunoot should only be recited before bowing. And some say that it should only be recited after bowing. The fuqaha’ among the scholars of hadith, such as Ahmad and others, say that both are allowed. Because both are mentioned in the Saheeh Sunnah, but they preferred reciting Qunoot after bowing and while standing because this is mentioned more often.Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (23/100):
Dua Qunoot in English
Dua Al-Qunoot was narrated by Abu Dawood (1425), al-Tirmidhi (464), and al-Nasaa’i (1746) from al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) according to him, The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught me some words to say in Qunoot al-witr
Allaahumma ihdini feeman hadayta wa ‘aafini feeman ‘aafayta wa tawallani feeman tawallayta wa baarik li feema a’tayta, wa qini sharra ma qadayta , fa innaka taqdi wa la yuqda ‘alayk, wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayta, tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta’aalayta la manja minka illa ilayk
Dua Al Qunoot translation
Allah, guide me among those whom You have trained, pardon me among those whom You have forgiven, turn to me in friendship among those on whom You have turned in the company, and bless me in what You have bestowed, and save me from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can influence You, and he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, nor is he honoured who Your enemy is. Blessed are You, O Lord, and Exalted. There is no place of safety from You except with You).”
The last phrase – Laa manja minka illa ilayka (There is no place of safety from You except with You) – was narrated by Ibn Mandah in al-Tawheed and classed as hasan by al-Albaani.
See Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, hadeeth no. 426, 429.
Then he should send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). See al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (4/14-52).
Dua Qunoot in Arabic
وأما دعاء القنوت فقد روى أبو داود (1425) والترمذي (464) والنسائي (1746) عن الْحَسَن بْن عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قال : عَلَّمَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَلِمَاتٍ أَقُولُهُنَّ فِي قُنُوتِ الْوِتْرِ : ( اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ ، وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ ، وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ ، وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ ، وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ ، فإِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلا يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ ، وَإِنَّهُ لا يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ ، وَلا يَعِزُّ مَنْ عَادَيْتَ ، تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ ، ولا منجا منك إلا إليك ) . والجملة الأخيرة “لا منجا منك إلا إليك” رواها ابن منده في “التوحيد” وحسنها الألباني .
وانظر : إرواء الغليل” حديث رقم (426) ، (429) .
ثم يصلي على النبي صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ . انظر الشرح الممتع لابن عثيمين (4/14-52)
In addition, it is mustahabb to say after the tasleem: Subhaan al-Malik al-Quddoos three times, elongating the vowels the third time, as narrated by al-Nasaa’i (1699) and classed as Hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Nasaa’i.
Al-Daaraqutni added the word: Rabb al-Malaa’ikah wa’l-Rooh (Lord of the angels and the Spirit), with a saheeh isnaad. See Zaad al-Ma’aad by Ibn al-Qayyim, 1/337.
يُستحب أن يقول بعدما يُسلّم ( سبحان الملك القدوس ) ثلاث مرات يمدّ بها صوته في الثالثة ويرفع كما أخرجه النسائي (1699) وصححه الألباني في صحيح سنن النسائي .
زاد الدارقطني ( رب الملائكة والروح ) وإسنادها صحيح . انظر زاد المعاد لابن القيم (1/337).
Is Dua Qunoot compulsory in witr?
Qunoot is Sunnah. Based on this, if a worshipper omits Qunoot, his prayer is still valid.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about the ruling on reciting the dua’ of Qunoot in Witr during the nights of Ramadaan, and whether it is permissible to omit it.
Qunoot is Sunnah in Witr and if a person omits it sometimes, there is nothing wrong with that.
And he was asked about a person who always recites Qunoot in Witr every night – was that narrated from our forebears (the salaf)?
There is nothing wrong with that; instead it is Sunnah. Because when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) to say Qunoot in Witr, he did not tell him to omit it sometimes or to do it all the time. This indicates that either is permissible. Hence it was narrated that when Ubayy ibn Ka’b (may Allaah be pleased with him) led the Sahaabah in prayer in the Mosque of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), he used to omit Qunoot some nights; perhaps that was in order to teach the people that it is not obligatory.
Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/159.
Finally, the benefits of dua are numerous, supplicating to Allah Almighty should not only be during testing times but also to show gratitude or seek protection when things are going smoothly.
Dua keeps our hearts humble, our souls full of hope, and our homes filled with blessings.