The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are full of virtues and great blessings. According to a large group of mufassireen (commentators of the Qur’aan), the ten nights mentioned in Soorah Al Fajr are the nights of the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Allah says:
By the Dawn; By the ten Nights; (89:1-2)
The Prophet (peace be upon him) too, has clearly mentioned the importance and the virtue of these blessed ten days of dhul hijjah. It is reported by Abdullah Ibne Abbaas R.A that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijjah).”
Thereupon, some companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“Not even Jihaad ? ” He replied, “Not even jihaad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of these things.” [Bukhaari V1 pp132]
In another Hadeeth reported by Abu Hurairah R.A, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“On no days is the worship of Allah desired more than in the (first) ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul Qadr.” [Tirmizi V1 pp58]
ACTS OF VIRTUE
Do not cut or trim your Hairs or nails
1. Upon sighting the moon of Dhul Hijjah, those people intending to perform Qurbaani should neither cut their hair nor clip their nails until the Qurbaani is performed. This is a mustahab (desirable) act derived from Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said:
“A person should neither clip his nails nor cut his hair until he performs qurbaani”. [Ibne Maajah]
The reason and wisdom behind this order in this month, hundreds of thousands of people are blessed with the opportunity of visiting the sacred house of Allah in Makkah.
Whilst they are there in the state of Ihraam certain acts become impermissible for them. Amongst them is clipping of nails and cutting the hair. So those who could not reach the blessed places, to imitate the pilgrims by not cutting the hair and clipping the nails so that the mercy of Allah can enshroud them too together with the pilgrims.
Fasting in this month
2. These days are so blessed that a day’s fast is equivalent to a year’s fast and a night’s devotion is equivalent to the ibaadah of Laylatul Qadr. The indication is towards the fact that we should endeavor to perform as many virtuous acts as possible in these days.
Reciting of Takbeeraate Tashreeq
3. The reciting of Takbeeraate Tashreeq after every fardh Salaat from the Fajr of 9th Dhul Hijjah to the Asr of 13th Dhul Hijjah (i.e. total of twenty three fardh Salaat). It is waajib upon men to recite this takbeer once after every fardh Salaat audibly. The women should recite it silently.
Takbeer: Allah akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, wa Lillah il-hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god but Allah; Allah is Most Great and to Allah be praise).
Tahleel: Saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (There is no god but Allah)
Tahmeed: Saying al-hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah)
5. The Sunnah of Ibraahem A.S – the Qurbaani. It is to be performed on 10th, 11th or 12th Dhul Hijjah. One may sacrifice a thousand animals on days other than these, but it will never be regarded or considered a Qurbaani.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbaani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horn, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart.” [Tirmizi V1 pp275, Ibne Maajah V1 pp226]
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