Hajj rules are to be followed in sequence. Can you sense the sounds of dikhar ALLAH in air ? Hajj season is around the corner, and many of the lucky Muslim brother and sisters would be going to perform this sanctified ritual this year.
The magnificent building of islam is held high by five strong pillars; Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Sawm and Hajj. All the pillars strong enough to bear the weight of most glorious religion of all the times “ISLAM”. Order of these pillars priority wise. Hajj being the last one, is not performed by every one. As per custom, lots of Muslims would be heading to perform hajj this year too. Since this is not ordinary ritual and lots of things need to be taken care of, so we are presenting you with Hajj rules series. This hajj rules series will be a complete guide to hajj explained step by step covering all days of hajj.
Prior to the details of how actually hajj is performed, a basic introduction of hajj rules would be explained. There are lots of things to be done before you start hajj at 8th dhul hijjah.
Hajj is a pilgrimage to the holy city of makkah which is performed once every year. It is an obligatory religious duty on every adult muslim to perform hajj at least once in a life time. Its mandatory only if one is “Mustati” which means one is financially and physically capable of performing hajj.
Conditions of hajj rules:
faith : you must be muslim to offer hajj.
Sanity: Any one who is not sane,or mentally ill, hajj is not obligatory for him.
Puberty: Hajj becomes obligation on one when he/she reaches puberty.
Ability: It was explained by the Messenger of Allah (S) as the transportation and the provision during the journey. Today, Hajj is done through special arrangements and requirements. Anyone who can fulfill those requirements and can afford to pay for his journey without begging others or taking loans should go for Hajj.
“Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah, those who can afford the journey.”
In case of women, they must perform hajj in company of a mahram, she is not allowed to travel alone.
Every country has its own formal procedure for applications of hajj. Once you have your visa and passport conformed for hajj, there are few matters you must take care of:
Guidance when leaving for hajj:
Before you leave for hajj, make sure you have followed these rules:
- Make sure you have learned all the necessary details about how to perform hajj. This can be done via reading booklets, attending seminars and work shops for hajj. Many online sources can also be found for example our hajj series.
- You must leave some money safe at home for family if you are earning source of family to get the system running after you have left. Complete your all necessary tasks eg. Paying bills, applying for vacations, job duties etc.
- There is no pre defined time for death ! do leave a written bequest with necessary details in case the pilgrim dies and never makes it back home.
- Check for currency exchange before leaving for hajj, avoid using traveler’s cheque.
- Make sure you have paid your debts, repented, absolved yourself of any wrongdoing toward others.
- Have you vaccination done before leaving for hajj.
- Take light cotton clothes, slipper, ahraam and other necessary thing you need to pack before leaving.
- Do recite Dua for hajj before leaving.
- Do memorize all the dua mandatory to be recited at hajj during different rituals.
- You can keep a small booklet for duas to help memorizing them.
Arriving Saudi Arab According to Hajj Rules
Pilgrims normally arrive by air, sea and land , almost one week before the 8th dhul hijjah. Most of the pilgrims arrive at Jeddah, which has the major sea port and air port. Its is almost 45 Km from makkah.
From Jeddah you will travel with your hajj group towards makkah. As you approach makkah, group stops at a destined place to enter the state of Ihram.
A pilgrim enters the state of Ihram when he /she is 10km from makkah. Clean your self before entering the state of Ihram. Clip your nails, remove pubic hairs, trim mustache and beard, take shower and make wudu. After this you can wear clothing off Ihram.
Men’s ihram consists of 2 pieces of pure white cloth. One piece is to be warped on the lower part of body, you can secure it with a pin or belt as you feel comfortable. The other one is used to cover shoulders. Make sure your footwear should not cover the toes and ankles. Socks and shoes, therefore, should not be used by men.
Women’s ihram is a simple loosely fitted shirt and trouser which must cover your whole body properly except hands and feet. There is no foot wear restriction for females.
After wearing ihram, you can do neeah(intention) for hajj and start your pilgrimage. It is recommended to make the intention after performing one of the obligatory prayers or after praying two rak`ahs. You express this intention by saying, in the case of `Umrah, “Labbayka, Allahuma, `Umrah” (O Allah, I answer Your call by performing `Umrah).
Restrictions for Ihram:
- Cutting nails or hairs from any part of body.
- Using perfume in any way.
- Having sexual intercourse with your spouse, not even fore play or lust full words.
- Concentrating marriage!
- Hunting or eating from game meat. Pilgrims are forbidden to hunt, help in hunting, or eat of any land game prepared for their sake, at their suggestion, or with their help.
- Covering the head or wearing clothes sewn to fit the body’s limbs is forbidden for men. So wearing shirts, robes, trousers, turbans, hats, gloves, socks, etc. is banned.
- Women must not wear gloves or veil on face.
With the neeah done, now we move towards the first day of hajj which happens to be on 8th dhul hijjah. Details and obligations of first day of hajj are discussed in next part of our hajj series.