Before going to the concept of good governance in islam, we must know what governance is. Governance is regulation and delivery of duties and rights as per policies and thus good governance implies to deliverance if these duties in best manner. Islam being a complete code of life provide guidelines about economic, social, political and governance systems also.
Islamic system of Good Governance:
A system which advocates immunity from corruption and social injustice. Islamic system of good governance is based on Adal meaning justice and its ultimate goal is welfare of masses. Both of these properties of good governance in Islam are adopted by modern good governance concept also. In modern concept of good governance, institutional infrastructure is paid more heed as compared to leadership and political structure of governance system. However in Islamic concept of good governance, we will observe that its leadership that will guide the institutional infrastructure.
Not only the guidelines of good governance in islam is provided, but there are proper exemplary models of good governance explained in quran. (Did you know that before? Nopes ! i didn’t know too ! reason is we never read quran in a rational way. In fact we never even try to read it with translation. Join our quran recitation course for a better understanding of Quran).
Models of good governance in islam are pragmatic, which ensure purpose of serving masses being governed.
So, Basic sources of concept of good governance in islam are two
- Models of good governance in Quran.
- Good governance model of prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h).
- Models of good governance of rightly guided caliphs.
Models of Good Governance in Quran:
Allah mentions names of 26 prophets and messengers in quran. These messengers of Allah can be divided in thre major categories;
- Those who were not given any rule
- Those who ruled by over throwing false and evil rulers of their time.
- Those who were blessed with prophecy and all political powers.
All these messengers of Allah gave some vital components of good governance for the coming generations to follow.
Good Governance of Prophets:
Not to mention all, following are some of the models of good governance of prophets
- Model of prophet Zulqarnain (a.s)
- Model of prophet Daud (a.s)
- Model of prophet Musa (a.s)
- Model of prophet Taloot (a.s)
- Model of prophet Suleman (a.s)
- Model of prophet Yousuf (a.s)
- Model of prophet Muhammad (s.a.w)
(click the topic to see details of the respective prophetic model)
All these models have some common people maintained along with their distinct features and flavor. Main character (the prophet) of each model bears some unique leadership qualities which in turn prove crucial for the institutional development in the model.So, If one teaches public administration, the other teaches rule of law and order. Concept of equality and freedom of speech is elaborated in one and the other tells about how to hold a system of unbiased accountability. So all of the necessary components of the modern concept of good governanc explained in quran, 1400 years ago, with help of incidents of prophets (a.s) happens many centuries ago.
That is why quran repeatedly says that it contains signs, lessons and wisdom for those who seek it.
The topic is very long, we are dedicating a complete blog to each model for better understanding of our readers. links for the next part of document are at end of each article. The very first prophetic model of good governance is of prophet Zulqarnain.